TitleThe CCR5 Gene Edited CD34(+)CD90(+) Hematopoietic Stem Cell Population Serves as an Optimal Graft Source for HIV Gene Therapy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsKaruppusamy KV, Demosthenes JPaul, Venkatesan V, Christopher ACrystal, Babu P, Azhagiri MK, Jacob A, Ramalingam VVadhini, Rangaraj S, Murugesan MKumarasamy, Marepally SKumar, Varghese GM, Srivastava A, Kannangai R, Thangavel S
JournalFront Immunol
Date Published2022
KeywordsAnimals, Antigens, CD34, Gene Editing, Genetic Therapy, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, HIV Infections, Mice

Transplantation of allogenic hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) with C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) Δ32 genotype generates HIV-1 resistant immune cells. CCR5 gene edited autologous HSPCs can be a potential alternative to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from HLA-matched CCR5 null donor. However, the clinical application of gene edited autologous HSPCs is critically limited by the quality of the graft, as HIV also infects the HSPCs. In this study, by using mobilized HSPCs from healthy donors, we show that the CD34CD90 hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) express 7-fold lower CD4/CCR5 HIV receptors, higher levels of SAMHD1 anti-viral restriction factor, and possess lower susceptibility to HIV infection than the CD34CD90 hematopoietic progenitor cells. Further, the treatment with small molecule cocktail of Resveratrol, UM729 and SR1(RUS) improved the engraftment potential of CD34CD90 HSCs. To demonstrate that CD34CD90 HSC population as an ideal graft for HIV gene therapy, we sort purified CD34CD90 HSCs, treated with RUS and then gene edited the with single sgRNA. On transplantation, 100,000 CD34CD90 HSCs were sufficient for long-term repopulation of the entire bone marrow of NBSGW mice. Importantly, the gene editing efficiency of ~90% in the infused product was maintained , facilitating the generation of CCR5 null immune cells, resistant to HIV infection. Altogether, CCR5 gene editing of CD34CD90 HSCs provide an ideal gene manipulation strategy for autologous HSCT based gene therapy for HIV infection.

Alternate JournalFront Immunol
PubMed ID35359982
PubMed Central IDPMC8963924