TitleExploring advances in single particle CryoEM with apoferritin: From blobs to true atomic resolution.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsPremageetha GThambraRaj, Vinothkumar KR, Bose S
JournalInt J Biochem Cell Biol
Date Published2024 Apr
KeywordsApoferritins, Cryoelectron Microscopy, Humans, Macromolecular Substances

Deciphering the three-dimensional structures of macromolecules is of paramount importance for gaining insights into their functions and roles in human health and disease. Single particle cryoEM has emerged as a powerful technique that enables direct visualization of macromolecules and their complexes, and through subsequent averaging, achieve near atomic-level resolution. A major breakthrough was recently achieved with the determination of the apoferritin structure at true atomic resolution. In this review, we discuss the latest technological innovations across the entire single-particle workflow, which have been instrumental in driving the resolution revolution and in transforming cryoEM as a mainstream technique in structural biology. We illustrate these advancements using apoferritin as an example that has served as an excellent benchmark sample for assessing emerging technologies. We further explore whether the existing technology can routinely generate atomic structures of dynamic macromolecules that more accurately represent real-world samples, the limitations in the workflow, and the current approaches employed to overcome them.

Alternate JournalInt J Biochem Cell Biol
PubMed ID38307321