TitleLong non-coding RNAs: an overview on miRNA sponging and its co-regulation in lung cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsRajakumar S, Jamespaulraj S, Shah Y, Kejamurthy P, Jaganathan MK, Mahalingam G, Devi KTRamya
JournalMol Biol Rep
Date Published2023 Feb
KeywordsCarcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Humans, Lung Neoplasms, MicroRNAs, RNA, Long Noncoding

Lung cancer is the most devastating cause of death among all cancers worldwide, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80% of all the lung cancer cases. Beyond common genetic research and epigenomic studies, the extraordinary investigations of non-coding RNAs have provided insights into the molecular basis of cancer. Existing evidence from various cancer models highlights that the regulation of non-coding RNAs is crucial and that their deregulation may be a common reason for the development and progression of cancer, and competition of cancer therapeutics. Non-coding RNAs, such as long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), are increasingly recognized as potential cancer biomarkers for early detection and application of therapeutic strategies. The miRNAs have gained importance as master regulators of target mRNAs by negatively regulating their expression. The lncRNAs function as both tumor suppressors and oncogenes, and also compete with miRNAs that influence the translational inhibition processes. This review addresses the role of lncRNAs in lung cancer development, highlights their mechanisms of action, and provides an overview of the impact of lncRNAs on lung cancer survival and progression via miRNA sponging. The improved understanding of lung cancer mechanisms has opened opportunities to analyze molecular markers and their potential therapeutics.

Alternate JournalMol Biol Rep
PubMed ID36441373