TitleBlood progenitor redox homeostasis through olfaction-derived systemic GABA in hematopoietic growth control in Drosophila.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGoyal M, Tomar A, Madhwal S, Mukherjee T
Date Published2022 Apr 15

The role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in myeloid development is well established. However, its aberrant generation alters hematopoiesis. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of events controlling ROS homeostasis forms the central focus of this study. We show that, in homeostasis, myeloid-like blood progenitor cells of the Drosophila larvae, which reside in a specialized hematopoietic organ termed the lymph gland, use TCA to generate ROS. However, excessive ROS production leads to lymph gland growth retardation. Therefore, to moderate blood progenitor ROS, Drosophila larvae rely on olfaction and its downstream systemic GABA. GABA internalization and its breakdown into succinate by progenitor cells activates pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK), which controls inhibitory phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH). PDH is the rate-limiting enzyme that connects pyruvate to the TCA cycle and to oxidative phosphorylation. Thus, GABA metabolism via PDK activation maintains TCA activity and blood progenitor ROS homeostasis, and supports normal lymph gland growth. Consequently, animals that fail to smell also fail to sustain TCA activity and ROS homeostasis, which leads to lymph gland growth retardation. Overall, this study describes the requirement of animal odor-sensing and GABA in myeloid ROS regulation and hematopoietic growth control.

Alternate JournalDevelopment
PubMed ID34850846
Grant ListBT/PR13446/COE/34/30/2015 / / Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India /
/ / Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research /
/ / Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India /
/ / Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India /