TitleDuox generated reactive oxygen species activate ATR/Chk1 to induce G2 arrest in tracheoblasts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKizhedathu A, Chhajed P, Yeramala L, Basu DSain, Mukherjee T, Vinothkumar KR, Guha A
Date Published2021 Oct 08

Progenitors of the thoracic tracheal system of adult (tracheoblasts) arrest in G2 during larval life and rekindle a mitotic program subsequently. G2 arrest is dependent on ATR-dependent phosphorylation of Chk1 that is actuated in the absence of detectable DNA damage. We are interested in the mechanisms that activate ATR/Chk1 (Kizhedathu et al., 2018, 2020). Here we report that levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are high in arrested tracheoblasts and decrease upon mitotic re-entry. High ROS is dependent on expression of Duox, an HO generating-Dual Oxidase. ROS quenching by overexpression of Superoxide Dismutase 1, or by knockdown of Duox, abolishes Chk1 phosphorylation and results in precocious proliferation. Tracheae deficient in Duox, or deficient in both Duox and regulators of DNA damage-dependent ATR/Chk1 activation (ATRIP/TOPBP1/ Claspin), can induce phosphorylation of Chk1 in response to micromolar concentrations of HO in minutes. The findings presented reveal that HO activates ATR/Chk1 in tracheoblasts by a non-canonical, potentially direct, mechanism.

Alternate JournalElife
PubMed ID34622778
Grant ListinStem Core Funds / / Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India /