Systematic review of articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors for cartilage repair in animal models.
|Systematic review of articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors for cartilage repair in animal models.
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|Vinod E, Padmaja K, Ramasamy B, Sathishkumar S
PURPOSE OF RESEARCH: The potential for cartilage repair using articular cartilage derived chondroprogenitors has recently gained popularity due to promising results from in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Translation of results from in-vitro to a clinical setting requires a sufficient number of animal studies displaying significant positive outcomes. Thus, this systematic review comprehensively discusses the available literature (January 2000-March 2022) on animal models employing chondroprogenitors for cartilage regeneration, highlighting the results and limitations associated with their use.As per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, a web-based search of PubMed and SCOPUS databases was performed for the following terminologies: "chondroprogenitors", "cartilage-progenitors", and "chondrogenic-progenitors", which yielded 528 studies. A total of 12 studies met the standardized inclusion criteria, which included chondroprogenitors derived from hyaline cartilage isolated using fibronectin adhesion assay (FAA) or migratory assay from explant cultures, further analyzing the role of chondroprogenitors using in-vivo animal models.
PRINCIPAL RESULTS: Analysis revealed that FAA chondroprogenitors demonstrated the ability to attenuate osteoarthritis, repair chondral defects and form stable cartilage in animal models. They displayed better outcomes than bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells but were comparable to chondrocytes. Migratory chondroprogenitors also demonstrated superiority to BM-MSCs in terms of higher chondrogenesis and lower hypertrophy, although a direct comparison to FAA-CPs and other cell types is warranted.
MAJOR CONCLUSIONS: Chondroprogenitors exhibit superior properties for chondrogenic repair; however, limited data on animal studies necessitates further studies to optimize their use before clinical translation for neo-cartilage formation.
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