TitleTIP60 acts as a regulator of genes involved in filopodia formation and cell migration during wound healing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsDubey S, Jaiswal B, Gupta A
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2022 Jul
KeywordsAcetylation, Actins, cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, Cell Movement, Chromatin, Hep G2 Cells, Humans, Lysine Acetyltransferase 5, Pseudopodia, rho-Associated Kinases, Wound Healing

Wound healing is a complex phenomenon that requires coordination of numerous molecular and cellular changes to facilitate timely and efficient repair of the damaged tissue. Although many of these molecular pathways have been detailed, others remain to be elucidated. In the present work, we show for the first time, roles for the acetyltransferase TIP60 and nuclear receptor transcription factor PXR in this process, participating in wound healing by altering actin dynamics and cellular motility. We found that in response to wound-injury, TIP60 induces rapid formation of filopodia at the wounded cell front, leading to enhanced cell migration and faster closure of the wound. Further, qPCR analysis revealed heightened expression of Cdc42 and ROCK1 genes, key regulators involved in filopodia formation and actin reorganization, exclusively in TIP60-PXR-expressing cells upon wound-induction. We also performed ChIP assays to confirm the context-specific binding of TIP60 on the ROCK1 promoter and demonstrated that the TIP60 chromodomain is essential for loading of the TIP60-PXR complex onto the chromatin. Results from immunoprecipitation assays revealed that during the wounded condition, TIP60 alters the chromatin microenvironment by specifically acetylating histones H2B and H4, thereby modulating the expression of target genes. Overall, findings of this study show that TIP60 is a novel regulator of the wound healing process by regulating the expression of wound repair-related genes.

Alternate JournalJ Biol Chem
PubMed ID35525269
PubMed Central IDPMC9249863